Kazakhstan predicts higher-than-average harvest
Half a century ago, Kazakh scientists and agronomists established that the optimal time for spring sowing in the country's grain belt is from may 15 to may 25. Unfortunately, many farmers often violate these recommendations of scientists. This is especially noticeable after a number of seasons with a cold early autumn. The crop was caught in the snow – next year, the farmer tries to sow early, so that the harvest can start earlier.

But in the end, in most cases, this rush leads to a decrease in yield due to the fact that crops fall under the June drought. That's what happened this season.
The farmer who went into the field too early suffered. It all started with pre-sowing treatment of the soil: if this was done before it finally dried out, it turned out to be lumpy.

However, after the rains that took place at the end of June, these seeds "woke up" and still belatedly rose. This creates several problems at once.
First, now such fields can not be treated with herbicides, so as not to burn new shoots. Those who have already applied Agrochemistry, the easier it is. And those who do not-their fields risk being clogged.
Secondly, it promises uneven maturation of fields in the fall – the delay in maturation will be up to two weeks. Apparently, farmers need to prepare for separate harvesting.

Of course, a lot will depend on how the summer goes on. Scientists are careful with forecasts and do not rush to give them. The weather is too unpredictable.

- The year began similar to 1974, which was very dry, - said Nikolay Yushchenko. – But now there are more similarities with 2017, when heavy precipitation fell in late July and early August. What will happen next is unclear.
However, so far, everything is going well for those farmers who have sown at the optimal time. Plants may have stopped developing in June due to the drought, but now, with the passage of rains, development is underway.
In the fields of Karshos itself (which is 16 thousand hectares) everything is in order.

But for perennial grasses, the picture this year is depressing. The may cold and June drought affected them very much, as a result, the volume of hay harvesting is twice lower than last year.


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